This touching scene features a young lady smelling the fresh flowers of a shrine, in front of a small set of steps, perhaps in a quiet spot of a large garden. This delicacy and femininity is entirely typical of the artist and can be witnessed in paintings throughout his career. The model herself was one of the Waterhouse's favourites and used her regularly for a period of several years. She perfectly matched his preference for pale skin, with gentle facial features and a slim build but without being skinny.
The Victorian dress is relatively simple in this composition, as she pulls up her dress to try to avoid the wet paved area around this garden. The architectural touches remind us of Alma Tadema but were also particularly common in Waterhouse's work during this period of his career. It is possible that rather than a garden, it is actually a particularly ornate graveyard.
Waterhouse was from the fringes of the Pre-Raphaelite in that he used many of their styles and techniques, but actually arrived a few years after their main exponents had passed by. He was also never a part of the famous Brotherhood. The painting style was similar to realism, but with the content itself being heavily influenced by mythical tales, plus more recent poetry. Compare that to someone like Bouguereau, who was academically trained in France and continued that style into his career.